Nobel Prize Winners

Nobel prize winners associated with Crystallography

This list represents my personal selection; please let me have your comments.
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Page last updated 12 Jan 2002
1901 Physics
W.C.R�ntgen Discovery of X-rays
1914 Physics
M Von Laue Diffraction of X-rays by crystals
1915 Physics
W.H.Bragg and W.L.Bragg Use of X-rays to determine crystal structure
1929 Physics
L-V de Broglie The wave nature of the electron
1937 Physics
C.J.Davisson and G.Thompson Diffraction of electrons by crystals
1946 Chemistry
J.B.Sumner for his discovery that enzymes can be crystallised
1954 Chemistry
L.C.Pauling for his research into the nature of the chemical bond and its application to the elucidation of the structure of complex substances Books about his life
1962 Physiology or Medicine
F.Crick, J.Watson, M.Wilkins The helical structure of DNA Books about the double helix
1962 Chemistry
J.C.Kendrew, M.Perutz for their studies of the structures of globular proteins
1964 Chemistry
D.Hodgkin Structure of many biochemical substances including Vitamin B12
1976 Chemistry
W.N.Lipscomb structure of boranes
1982 Chemistry
A.Klug development of crystallographic electron microscopy and discovery of the structure of biologically important nucliec acid-protein complexes
1982 Physics
K.G.Wilson theory of critical phenomena in connection with phase transitions
1985 Chemistry
H.Hauptmanm J.Karle development of direct methods for the determination of crystal structures
1988 Chemistry
J.Deisenhofer, R.Huber, H.Michel for the determination of the three-dimensional structure of a photosynthetic reaction centre
1991 Physics
P-G de Gennes methods of discovering order in simple systems can be applied to polymers and liquid crystals
1992 Physics
G. Charpak discovery of the multi wire proportional chamber
1994 Physics
C.Shull and N.Brockhouse Neutron diffraction
See also an article from the ONRL Review for details of Clifford Shull's pioneering research on neutron scattering
1996 Chemistry
R.Curl, H.Kroto, R.Smalley Discovery of the fullerene form of carbon
1997 Chemistry
P.D.Boyer, J.E.Walker, J.C.Skou elucidation of the enzymatic mechanism underlying the synthesis of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and discovery of an ion-transporting enzyme

Further details of the life and work of these Prize Winners can be found at the 'Electronic Nobel Museum', which has portraits and bibligraphies.
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